Energy Saving Guide for Home and Office in India

Published 10 January 2023

Here at HNK, we believe that home appliances can and should offer long-term value to users before they need to be replaced.

While electrical appliances make our daily lives comfortable and convenient, improper use of such appliances lead to excess energy bills, reduced life-span of appliances, wastage of energy, and environmental degradation.

This “bijili bachao” energy saving guide from the HNK team will give you tips and insights on how you can reduce your electricity bills while also getting the best use out of your home appliances.

Based on a tests conducted by us, we believe you can save 15%-35% on yearly electricity costs by following this guide!

Understanding Energy Efficiency

Energy efficiency refers to the ability of an appliance to perform its intended function while consuming the minimum amount of energy necessary.

Benefits of Energy-Efficient Appliances

  • Lower electricity bills: Energy-efficient appliances consume less electricity, resulting in significant savings on monthly bills.
  • Enhanced appliance lifespan: Efficient use and proper maintenance can extend the lifespan of appliances, reducing the need for frequent replacements.
  • Increased comfort: Energy-efficient appliances often come with advanced features that enhance user experience and comfort, such as temperature control, noise reduction, and intelligent programming.
  • Environmental conservation: Reduced energy consumption translates to lower greenhouse gas emissions, helping to mitigate climate change and environmental degradation.

Energy Efficiency Ratings

Appliances in India are assigned energy efficiency ratings, such as the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) star ratings.

These labels provide valuable information about the energy consumption of the appliance, enabling consumers to make informed choices when purchasing new appliances.

Efficient Use of Home Appliances

Here are some practical tips and insights on using common home appliances more efficiently.


Refrigerators are among the most energy-consuming appliances in Indian households.

Follow these tips to use them efficiently:

  • Set the temperature to around 3-5 degrees Celsius for the refrigerator and -18 degrees Celsius for the freezer.
  • Avoid placing hot or warm food directly into the refrigerator; allow it to cool to room temperature first.
  • Keep the refrigerator door closed as much as possible to prevent cold air from escaping.
  • Regularly defrost the freezer to maintain its efficiency.
  • Ensure proper ventilation around the refrigerator to allow heat dissipation.

Air Conditioners

Air conditioners contribute significantly to energy consumption, particularly during hot summers.

To optimize their efficiency:

  • Set the temperature at around 24-26 degrees Celsius for a comfortable yet energy-efficient cooling experience.
  • Use ceiling fans in conjunction with the air conditioner to promote better air circulation and distribute cool air evenly.
  • Ensure proper insulation of rooms to prevent cool air from escaping.
  • Clean or replace air filters regularly to maintain optimal airflow and cooling efficiency.
  • Consider using energy-efficient models with inverter technology that adjust cooling capacity based on the room temperature, leading to lower energy consumption.

Washing Machines

Washing machines are essential for modern households, and efficient use can help conserve energy and water:

  • Wash full loads whenever possible to maximize efficiency.
  • Use the appropriate water level setting based on the load size.
  • Opt for shorter wash cycles for lightly soiled clothes.
  • Choose cold water settings whenever suitable, as heating water consumes a significant amount of energy.
  • Regularly clean the lint filter to prevent clogs and maintain optimal performance.

Induction Cooktops

Induction cooktops are gaining popularity due to their energy efficiency.

Consider the following tips for efficient use:

  • Use cookware with a flat and smooth base that matches the induction cooktop size.
  • Cook with lids on to retain heat and minimize cooking time.
  • Opt for cookware made of materials with good heat conductivity, such as stainless steel or cast iron.
  • Clean the cooktop surface regularly to prevent food residue from interfering with heat transfer.
  • Turn off the cooktop a few minutes before finishing cooking to take advantage of residual heat.

Ceiling Fans

Ceiling fans are a common fixture in Indian homes and offices.

Use them efficiently with the following guidelines:

  • Adjust the fan speed to suit the comfort level, rather than running it at high speed continuously.
  • Use fans in conjunction with natural ventilation to enhance air circulation.
  • Turn off fans when not needed, as they cool people, not rooms.
  • Clean fan blades regularly to prevent dust accumulation, which can reduce efficiency.


Televisions have become more energy-efficient with advancements in technology.

To maximize their efficiency:

  • Adjust the brightness and contrast settings based on ambient lighting conditions.
  • Enable power-saving or eco-mode options if available.
  • Avoid leaving the television on standby mode for extended periods; instead, turn it off completely when not in use.
  • Consider upgrading to energy-efficient LED or OLED TVs, which consume less energy compared to older models.

Additional Tips And Practices for Home and Office

Proper Maintenance and Cleaning

Regular maintenance and cleaning are essential for maintaining appliance efficiency:

  • Clean appliance filters, vents, and condenser coils regularly to ensure optimal airflow and heat transfer.
  • Check and repair any leaks in water supply lines to prevent wastage.
  • Keep appliance surfaces clean and free from dust or debris that could hinder performance.

Smart Use of Energy-Saving Features

Take advantage of timers and scheduling features to optimize energy consumption:

  • Activate energy-saving modes on air conditioners, refrigerators, and other appliances to optimize energy consumption.
  • Use timers for appliances like geysers or water heaters to heat water only when needed.
  • Program dishwashers and washing machines to run during off-peak hours when electricity rates may be lower.
  • Utilize sleep mode or standby features on electronic devices to minimize energy consumption when not in use.

Maximizing Load Capacity

Efficiently utilizing the load capacity of appliances helps reduce energy wastage:

  • Run dishwashers and washing machines with full loads to maximize efficiency.
  • Avoid overloading appliances, as this can lead to reduced performance and increased energy consumption.

Utilizing Natural Resources

Make the most of natural resources to complement appliance usage:

  • Utilize daylight by opening curtains or blinds to reduce the need for artificial lighting during the day.
  • Leverage natural ventilation through open windows and cross-ventilation to minimize the use of air conditioning and fans.

Practice Efficient Lighting

Adopt these lighting practices for efficient energy use:

  • Replace traditional incandescent bulbs with energy-efficient LED bulbs.
  • Turn off lights when leaving a room, and make use of motion sensor or timer-based lighting systems for outdoor spaces.
  • Take advantage of natural light during the day by keeping curtains open and utilizing skylights or windows.

Standby Power Reduction

Many appliances consume power even when not in use:

  • Unplug electronic devices and chargers when not in use, or use power strips with an on/off switch to easily cut off power to multiple devices.
  • Use smart power strips that automatically cut off power to devices when they are not in use or in standby mode.

Integrate Renewable Energy

Consider integrating renewable energy sources into your home or office to reduce dependence on grid power:

  • Install solar panels on rooftops to generate electricity for daily use.
  • Invest in solar water heaters to harness the sun’s energy for hot water requirements.

Monitor Energy Usage

Keep an eye on the energy consumption of your home or office to identify areas for improvement:

  • Monitor energy consumption using smart meters or energy monitoring devices to identify energy-intensive appliances and modify usage accordingly.
  • Hire a professional energy auditor to assess the energy efficiency of your home or office.

Easily Reduce Your Electricity Bills

By adopting the practices outlined in this guide and staying informed about energy-efficient options, Indian households and offices can enjoy the benefits of modern home appliances, reduce their energy costs significantly while also contributing to conserving resources and protecting the environment.

Save your hard-earned money even further by checking out our detailed reviews of the best home and kitchen appliances in India.

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About HNK Mag

HNK Mag is an online magazine dedicated to helping Indian shoppers find the best home, office and kitchen products available on the market today.

At HNK Mag, we understand the challenges consumers face in choosing high-quality and reliable products among the multitude of products and brands on the market. We do the necessary research for you so that you can quickly and easily find products that fit your needs and requirements.

We analyse and compare the quality, features and performance of small appliances, large appliances, electricals, electronics, furniture, decor, tools and accessories. Our team also evaluates customer feedback, consumer preferences and industry trends of products and brands. Using this research, HNK Mag publishes reviews and guides on this website for Indian shoppers.

Additionally, we highlight deals and discounts for products and brands available through online marketplaces such as Amazon India. You can bookmark the HNK Mag website to quickly and easily find links to the best offers and trending deals online.

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